Domestic cats and tigers are genetically almost identical

Domestic cats and tigers are genetically almost identical

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As cozy, cozy and loving as most domestic cats are - the wild animal in them is omnipresent. A study has now shown that the term “domestic tiger” is not a long term one, because: domestic cats are genetically 95 percent identical to tigers! Just around 4 percent separate the DNA of the Siberian Tiger from that of our beloved domestic cats - Shutterstock / RuthChoi

So tigers and domestic cats share 95 percent of the same genes. This was found by researchers from China and South Korea, who examined the gene structures of several wildcat species, including those of tigers.

Cats and tigers "separated" 11 million years ago

Evolution separated cats and tigers around 11 million years ago - but the genes of the two species are still exactly 95.6 percent identical. Large wildcats sometimes have mutated genes that take them to a completely different level in terms of muscle mass and performance, for example. By the way: Humans also have "genetic counterparts" in the wild: gorillas. Our DNA and that of gorillas are 94.8 percent identical - there are only a few genes that make the difference. But back to our velvet paws: Compared to other domesticated animals, domestic cats are genetically very little "pets" and more "wild animals".

Tigers love stripes - even underneath

The largest cat in the world and its tiger stripes: The fur of the tiger is inseparable from this ...

Cats are still very wild genetically

The targeted and deliberate domestication and breeding of cats as cuddly tigers has only been taking place for around 150 years. Since the domestication history of the fur noses is only so young, relatively few genes have changed compared to their ancestor, the falcon cat. The dog has been a loyal companion to humans for a long time, which means that genetically more could change. This doesn't mean that cats haven't changed at all. Studies show that at least 13 genes changed in the course of living together with us humans. These all play a role in the cat's brain, for example in terms of cat memory, the reward system or fear processing. Domestic cats are generally more relaxed and relaxed than wild cats, who have to worry significantly more about dangers such as predators in the wild. Nevertheless, there is still a lot of tiger and very little room in our room tigers.

By the way: The following video also shows that there are many similarities in the behavior of domestic and wild cats using a very "serious" example:


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